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Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)

Sammara squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Neoniphon sammara   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Neoniphon sammara (Sammara squirrelfish)
Neoniphon sammara
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Neoniphon: Greek, neos = new + Greek, niphon = to snow (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 0 - 46 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 32°S, 31°E - 123°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 15.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9710); common length : 23.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9948)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 4; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7 - 8. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL (Ref. 4201). Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948). Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra, 1986. Holocentridae. p. 415-427. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4201)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; Akvarium: Kommersiell; bete: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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synonymer
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Ägg
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Age/Size
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 954 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01057 - 0.02489), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (K=0.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.