Heteropneustes fossilis, Stinging catfish : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

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Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch, 1794)

Stinging catfish
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Image of Heteropneustes fossilis (Stinging catfish)
Heteropneustes fossilis
Picture by Raghavan, P.R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Heteropneustidae (Airsac catfishes)
Etymology: Heteropneustes: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, pneo = to breath (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal); pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: ? - 30; kisaran kedalaman ? - 1 m (Ref. 105091).   Tropical; 21°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 33°N - 5°N, 64°E - 97°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia: Pakistan and Sri Lanka to Myanmar. Introduced elsewhare.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 89109)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults found mainly in ponds, ditches, swamps and marshes, but sometimes occur in muddy rivers. Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Can tolerate slightly brackish water. Omnivorous. Breed in confined waters during the monsoon months, but can breed in ponds, derelict ponds and ditches when sufficient rain-water accumulates. Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same family (Ref. 205). In great demand due to its medicinal value. Venomous fish, from its pectoral spines (Ref. 94495).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Eggs are deposited in a depression usually excavated by both parents in mud, in shallow water. Parents guard the eggs and young until they can fend for themselves which lasts for about one month (Ref. 6028).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4716)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi; Budidaya air: komersial; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00174 - 0.00996), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.23; tm=1; Fec=4,200).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.