Classification / Names
Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; acqua dolce benthopelagico; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
South America: Saramacca and Suriname Rivers in Suriname; Marowijne River in Suriname and French Guiana.
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.8 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 36377)
Though not so abundant, it is often caught in the quiet zones of cascades with G. harreri (Ref. 35237). Lives in mud and sand-bottomed canals. Maximum length 30 cm TL (Ref. 5723). Omnivorous, with a tendency towards herbivory, searches for food by digging into the substrate with its protractile mouth. Can emit sounds through its pharyngeal teeth though it is not known whether it is a form of communication or not. Spawning takes place on a flat stone or in a hole dug in the sand. Parents generally take the eggs into their mouths until hatching occurs three days later. At night or when faced with danger, the alevins seeks shelter in the mother's mouth. Parents take care of their siblings for several weeks (Ref. 35237).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Parents form pairs. Larvophile mouthbrooder.
Kullander, S.O. and H. Nijssen, 1989. The cichlids of Surinam: Teleostei, Labroidei. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 256 p. (Ref. 26372)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00793 - 0.04175), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Fec=250).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .