Geophagus surinamensis, Redstriped eartheater : aquarium

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Geophagus surinamensis (Bloch 1791)

Redstriped eartheater
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthoplagique; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Saramacca and Suriname Rivers in Suriname; Marowijne River in Suriname and French Guiana.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.8 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 36377)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Though not so abundant, it is often caught in the quiet zones of cascades with G. harreri (Ref. 35237). Lives in mud and sand-bottomed canals. Maximum length 30 cm TL (Ref. 5723). Omnivorous, with a tendency towards herbivory, searches for food by digging into the substrate with its protractile mouth. Can emit sounds through its pharyngeal teeth though it is not known whether it is a form of communication or not. Spawning takes place on a flat stone or in a hole dug in the sand. Parents generally take the eggs into their mouths until hatching occurs three days later. At night or when faced with danger, the alevins seeks shelter in the mother's mouth. Parents take care of their siblings for several weeks (Ref. 35237).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Parents form pairs. Larvophile mouthbrooder.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborateurs

Kullander, S.O. and H. Nijssen, 1989. The cichlids of Surinam: Teleostei, Labroidei. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 256 p. (Ref. 26372)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

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Sources Internet

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00793 - 0.04175), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Fec=250).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .