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Champsocephalus gunnari  Lönnberg, 1905

Mackerel icefish
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Image of Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)
Champsocephalus gunnari
Picture by Reyes, P.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Channichthyidae (Crocodile icefishes)
Etymology: Champsocephalus: Greek, champso = crocodile, voracious predator + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Lönnberg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 0 - 700 m (Ref. 11892), usually 30 - 250 m (Ref. 11892).   Polar; 48°S - 66°S, 65°W - 77°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 21 - 32 cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5200); common length : 35.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2805); max. veröff. Gewicht: 2.0 kg (Ref. 4883)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Wirbelzahl: 59 - 62

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Feed mainly on krill and mysids. Spawn in autumn and winter (Ref. 50743). Synchronous spawner (Ref. 50743). Larval pelagic phase is long (Ref. 71843). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4931).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Hureau, J.-C., 1985. Channichthyidae. p. 261-277. In W. Fischer and J.C. Hureau (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Southern Ocean (Fishing areas 48, 58 and 88). Rome. Vol. 2. (Ref. 2805)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.1 - 2.9, mean 1.5 (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00145 (0.00114 - 0.00183), b=3.42 (3.35 - 3.49), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.13-0.39; tmax=13; tm=4; Fec=3,094).
Prior r = 0.34, 2 SD range = 0.12 - 1.00, log(r) = -1.08, SD log(r) = 0.54, Based on: 5 K, 4 tgen, 27 Fec records
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.