Acipenser baerii, Siberian sturgeon : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

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Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869

Siberian sturgeon
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Image of Acipenser baerii (Siberian sturgeon)
Acipenser baerii
Picture by Hartl, A.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser; brackwasser demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20; potamodrom (Ref. 57765); tiefenbereich 0 - 200 m (Ref. 57765), usually 1 - 8 m (Ref. 57765).   Temperate; 1°C - 19°C (Ref. 57765); 74°N - 46°N, 64°E - 162°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Asia: Siberia, rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Lena, Kolyma, Khatanga, Pyasina, Anabar, Olenyok, Yana and Lake Baikal (Ref. 57765). Non-migratory populations exist in all river systems (Ref. 57765).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 86.9, range 65 - 167 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40476); max. veröff. Gewicht: 210.0 kg (Ref. 59043); max. veröff. Alter: 63 Jahre (Ref. 57765)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Extended snouts; four barbels in front of the mouth (Ref. 4639). The back is light grey to dark brown colored. The belly color varies from white to clear yellow. Five row s of scutes: 10-19D, 32-59L, 7-16V. Small star-like scutes between the main ones. Clearly slit inferior lip (Ref. 40476).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in deep and shallow parts of rivers, with moderate to swift current usually at depths of 1 to 8 m (Ref. 57765). Adults live essentially in freshwater although some fish frequently occur in estuaries. Males are sexually mature between 9 and 29 years; females between 9 and 34 years (Ref. 57765). Spawn in main river channel over stone-gravel or gravel-sand bottom and with strong current (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Potamodromous species (Ref. 57765). In a natural environment, males reach sexual maturity at 9-1 5 years of age and females at 16-20 years (in water recirculation systems, sexual maturity can first occur at 5 years). Spawning happens in the summer and generally every two years. Membranes on eggs become increasingly more sticky after fertilization and this allows them to stick to the substratum. This can become a problem in nurseries, but it is solved by washing the eggs in clay or diatomaceous earth suspensions. Caviar (not fecundated ovocites ) can be over 1 0% of the corporal weight of a mature female. Incubation lasts about 1 6 days (at 10-1 5°). Larval development lasts about 20 days (at 18°). Egg size 3.0-3.6 mm, larval length at hatching 10-12 mm.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p. (Ref. 12255)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  stark gefährdet (EN) (A2bcd+4bcd); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)


Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell; Aquakultur: kommerziell; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
FAO(Aquakultur: production, Artbeschreibung; Fischereien: Artbeschreibung; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00157 - 0.00463), b=3.27 (3.13 - 3.41), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (tm=7-34; tmax=63; Fec=16,500-420,000; K=0.03).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.