Poecilia sphenops, Molly : aquarium

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Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes 1846

Molly
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Image of Poecilia sphenops (Molly)
Poecilia sphenops
Male picture by Slaboch, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Poecilia: Greek, poikilos = with a lot of colours (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.5 - 8.2; dH range: 11 - 30; standorttreu.   Tropical; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 13371); 24°N - 1°S, 101°W - 69°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Central and South America: Mexico to Colombia. Often confused with Poecilia mexicana (Ref. 1739).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 102977); common length : 4.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects, plant matter. The black variety (Black molly) is a very popular aquarium fish and is marketed throughout the world (Ref. 1739). In the aquarium it feeds on green algae and also readily accepts dried food (Ref. 1672). Minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Produces 20 to 150 young after 28 days gestation.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Wischnath, L., 1993. Atlas of livebearers of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., United States of America. 336 p. (Ref. 26130)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  Daten mangelhaft (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell; Aquarium: hoch kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Mehr Information

Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
BRUVS
Referenzen
Aquakultur
Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
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Partner
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

Tools

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Internet Quellen

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00617 - 0.02454), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (tm<1; multiple spawning per year; Fec=20-150).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .