Phoxinus phoxinus, Eurasian minnow : fisheries, aquarium, bait

You can sponsor this page

Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Eurasian minnow
Загрузить свой Фото и Видео
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Изображение на Google
Image of Phoxinus phoxinus (Eurasian minnow)
Phoxinus phoxinus
Picture by Sediva, A.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; пресноводный; солоноватоводный демерсальный; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 20; мигрирует в реке (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 2°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 73°N - 37°N, 10°W - 179°E

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Eurasia: basins of Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas, Arctic and northern Pacific Ocean, from Garonne (France) eastward to Anadyr and Amur drainages and Korea; Ireland (possibly introduced), Great Britain northward to 58°N. Scandinavia and Russia northernmost extremity, Rhône drainage. Recorded from upper and middle Volga and Ural drainages, Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan) and upper Syr-Darya drainage (Aral basin), but else identifications need verification. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction. Several species are confused under Phoxinus phoxinus.

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 5.1, range 5 - 5.8 cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); common length : 7.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 11 годы (Ref. 59043)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 6-8; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 6 - 8; позвонки: 38 - 40. Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by having lateral line usually reaching beyond anal fin base, a midlateral row of vertically elongated blotches whose depth is about 1/3-1/2 of body depth at same position, often fused in a midlateral stripe (in preserved individuals), caudal peduncle depth 2.6-3.1 times in its length, patches of breast scales separated by unscaled area or (rarely) connected anteriorly by 1-2 rows of scales, snout length 29-34% HL ( 1.1-1.4 times eye diameter), and anal fin origin in front of base of last dorsal ray (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Gregarious (Ref. 2196). Found in a wide range of cold and well oxygenated habitats from small, fast-flowing streams to large Nordic lowland rivers and from small upland lakes to large oligotrophic lakes. Usually occurs in association with salmonid fishes (Ref. 59043). Feeds on algae, plant debris (in rivers), mollusks, crustaceans and insects (Ref. 30578). Spawns over clean gravel areas in flowing water or on wave-washed shores of lakes. Overwinters in coarse substrate or in deep pools with low current (Ref. 59043). Migrates upstream for spawning in shallow gravel areas. Important laboratory fish, for research on sensory organs of fishes. Mean maximum age is 6 years (Ref. 41616). Locally threatened due to pollution and excessive stocking of species of Salmo (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Males and females form school separately and arrive on the spawning site at differen times. Spawn over clean gravel areas in flowing water or on wave-washed shores of lakes. Deposit eggs in shallow water on sand or gravel bottom which hatch in 4-5 days at 18°C. Females lay sticky eggs deep into clean gravel (Ref. 59043).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 120744)

  Не вызывающий беспокойства (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Potential pest (Ref. 13686)





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; аквариум: коммерческий; наживка: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

дополнительная информация

ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

Скачать в формате XML

ресурсы в Интернет

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00692 - 0.00912), b=3.12 (3.08 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (tm=1-6; tmax=13; fec=200).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.