Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Mugil: Latin, mugil, -ilis = grey mullet (Ref. 45335).
This species is synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Nov. 2020: Ref. 86697) following Thomson (1997) and Whitfield et al. (2012). More studies are needed, or please send reference.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southeast Pacific: known only from the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Form schools over sandy bottoms. Fees mainly on detritus and algae, but also on insects, fish eggs, and plankton. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00531 - 0.02484), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 390 [170, 893] mg/100g ; Iron = 4.14 [1.33, 11.41] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [18.1, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.316 [0.136, 0.747] g/100g ; Selenium = 152 [50, 440] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.3 [3.8, 49.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.21 [1.57, 6.36] mg/100g (wet weight);