Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Baja California, Gulf of California, the Revillegigedo Islands (Socorro), and NW side of Isla del Caño, Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Inhabits sand-rubble bottoms. Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates. Often caught by trawlers and anglers.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 142 [87, 237] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.755 [0.481, 1.228] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.6, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.168 [0.102, 0.288] g/100g ; Selenium = 80.9 [46.4, 149.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.3 [6.2, 28.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.78, 1.50] mg/100g (wet weight);