Siganus luridus, Dusky spinefoot : fisheries

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Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1829)

Dusky spinefoot
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Siganus luridus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Siganus luridus (Dusky spinefoot)
Siganus luridus
Picture by Wirtz, P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Siganidae (Rabbitfishes) 籃子魚科 (Rabbitfishes)
Etymology: Siganus: Latin, siganus = a fish, rabbit fish; by the similarity of the nose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 2 - 40 m (Ref. 12382).   亞熱帶的; 35°N - 35°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050); Red Sea and East Africa to islands in the western Indian Ocean. Immigrant to Mediterranean via the Suez Canal.
西印度洋: 紅海而且東非到西印度洋中的島嶼。 經由蘇伊士運河移居到地中海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 14.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573); common length : 20.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 13 - 14; 背的軟條 (總數): 10; 臀棘 7; 臀鰭軟條: 9; 脊椎骨: 13. Regional variation in color exists. Anterior spines of median fins slender and pungent, posterior spines stout, all venomous including that on the nape. Preopercular angle 87-97 degrees. Anterior nostril with a long, broad flap covering posterior nostril when depressed. Variable cheek scalation. Midline of thorax devoid of scales between the pelvic ridges.
地區的變化顏色存在。 中央的鰭前面棘細長而尖銳又在後部的棘矮胖的, 所有的有毒包括在後頸上的那。 前鰓蓋骨角 87-97 度。 當扁平的,前鼻孔有一個長又寬的鰓蓋覆蓋後鼻孔。 可變的頰鱗片形狀。 胸在腹鰭脊之間的沒有鱗片的中線。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in small schools in very shallow water close to the bottom. Prefer hard bottoms of compacted sand with rock or coral debris. Solitary adults and groups of 3 or 4 adults have also been observed. Feed on a wide range of benthic algae. May suddenly stop and erect its fins (dorsal, anal and pelvic) presenting an encircling array of spines to potential predators; these spines are venomous. A food fish that is occasionally poisonous (Ref. 4537). Probably does not adapt well in captivity (Ref. 12382). A thermophilic species (Ref. 120766). Minimum depth from Ref. 9710.

發現於了在很淺的水域中的小群魚群接近底部。 偏愛緊密的沙子的堅硬底部有岩石或珊瑚殘礫。 獨居性的成魚與群體的 3 或 4 成魚已經也被觀察。 吃寬範圍的水底藻類。 可能突然停止而且豎立被呈現環繞的列的它的鰭 (背鰭、臀鰭與腹鰭) 有背骨的對可能的掠食者; 這些棘是有毒的。 一個食用魚,那是偶然有毒.(參考文獻 4537) 可能適應得不好在繁殖場。 (參考文獻 12382) 最小深度從參考文獻 9710.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

The larvae maintain themselves near the water surface (Ref. 1419). Feeding on phytoplankton and zooplankton begins 3 days after hatching (Ref. 1419).西印度洋: 紅海而且東非到西印度洋中的島嶼。 經由蘇伊士運河移居到地中海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Woodland, David J. | 合作者

Woodland, D.J., 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pac. Fish. (19):136 p. (Ref. 1419)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 19 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有毒的 (Ref. 1419)





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.2, mean 27 (based on 294 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.01069 - 0.01702), b=2.96 (2.91 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.3).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.