Petrus rupestris, Red steenbras : fisheries, gamefish

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Petrus rupestris (Valenciennes, 1830)

Red steenbras
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Petrus rupestris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Petrus rupestris (Red steenbras)
Petrus rupestris
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Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Petrus: Latin, petra = stone (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; खारा ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा 10 - ? m.   Subtropical; 28°S - 34°S

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Mossel Bay to Natal in South Africa.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm 57.5  range ? - 70 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3198); common length : 100.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3507); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 80.0 kg (Ref. 4537)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 11; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 10-11; गुदा कांटा 3; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 8. Reddish, bronzy or golden-yellow in color; young with a blotch behind dorsal fin.

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Found near rocky banks in coastal waters including estuaries. Adults solitary and territorial. Feeds on octopus, crabs and fish, especially Spondyliosoma. The flesh is highly esteemed, but the liver is poisonous due to high vitamin A content which causes hypervitaminosis. Popular angling fish. Largest of the porgies.

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith, 1986. Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Endangered (EN) (A2bd); Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 3507)





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य; आखेट मत्स्य: हां
FAO(मात्स्यिकी: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
उपशब्द
चपायचय
परभक्षी
ईकोटोकसीकोलौजी
पुनरुत्पत्ति
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
अंडे
Egg development
Age/Size
बाढ़
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
लार्वा
लारवल गतिकी
भर्ती
बहुतायत
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, खोज) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15 - 24, mean 22.2 (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00906 - 0.02774), b=3.04 (2.89 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 14.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  निम्न, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 4.5 - 14 वर्ष। (K=0.08; tm=5-7; tmax=30;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.