Dentex dentex, Common dentex : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish
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Dentex dentex (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common dentex
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Dentex dentex
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Dentex: Latin, dens, dentis = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino bentopelgico; rango de profundidad 0 - 200 m (Ref. 3688), usually 15 - 50 m (Ref. 54220).   Subtropical; 56°N - 12°N, 23°W - 42°E (Ref. 54220)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Cape Blanc, Mauritania; (exceptionally further south) Senegal and around the Canary Islands and Madeira. Common south of 40°N (Spain, North Africa) in the Mediterranean (Ref. 4781).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 34.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3397); common length : 50.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3688); peso máximo publicado: 14.3 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 11; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 11-12; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 7 - 9. Body oval and compressed. Canine teeth, with 4 to 6 anterior teeth very developed in each jaw.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabit hard bottoms (rock or rubble) down to 200 m depth. Usually found in shallow water less than 50 m deep (Ref. 9987). Adults solitary; young gregarious (Ref. 12482). Young fish caught with traps. Feed on fish, mollusks and cephalopods. Important food fish. Marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 9987). Some attempts to culture this species have been successful. Due to low market supply, the potential for selling these fish from aquaculture operations seems to be good (Ref. 9987). A spear-fisherman cites a specimen caught in Greece (Corfu) with an overnight bottom-line about 1.60 m and 42 kg (Ref. 48271), but the identification cannot be verified.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Gonochoric, but some specimens are hermaphroditic. Species of separated sexes (although some individuals may be hermaphrodite in young stages). In the Mediterranean, reproduction takes place between March and May, in areas near the coast. Embryo development lasts about 3 days at 17°C.

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerable, ver lista roja de la UICN (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 17 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; Acuicultura: comercial; pesca deportiva: si
FAO(Acuicultura: produccin; pesquerías: produccin, species profile; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Agregación para la puesta
Egg development
Perfil de acuicultura
Frecuencias de alelos
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial


Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 21.1, mean 18.1 (based on 298 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00989 - 0.01462), b=3.02 (2.99 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 4.5-14 años (K=0.1; tm=2-3).
Prior r = 0.39, 95% CL = 0.24 - 0.61, Based on 9 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.