Selene dorsalis, African moonfish : fisheries

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Selene dorsalis (Gill, 1863)

African moonfish
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Selene dorsalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Actinopteri > Carangiformes (Jacks) 鱸形目 (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Selene: Greek, selene = moon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Gill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 20 - 100 m (Ref. 4233), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 57392). 亞熱帶的; 39°N - 28°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including Madeira and Cape Verde. Replaced by Selene setapinnis in western Atlantic. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific.
東大西洋: 葡萄牙到南非, 包括馬得拉群島與維德角。 在大西洋西部中被 Selene setapinnis 取代了。 這兩個種沒有足夠地被研究而且可能證明是同種的。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57392); common length : 24.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3195); 最大体重: 1.5 kg (Ref. 27584)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 23-24; 臀棘 1-3; 臀鳍软条: 18 - 20. Diagnosis: body short, deep (depth comprised 1.7-2.3 times in fork length) and strongly compressed; head with a typical hump above eyes and a steep frontal profile that is slightly concave in front of eyes; lower jaw prominent; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 8 spines that are very short in adults, 2nd with 1 spine and 23 or 24 soft rays; anal fin with 2 anterior detached spines (resorbed in adults), followed by 1 spine and 18-20 soft rays; anterior lobes of soft dorsal and anal fins small or indistinct; pelvic fins very short, nearly rudimentary; body (except breast) entirely covered with minute cycloid scales embedded in the skin; lateral line distinctly arched over pectoral fins, with some weak scutes on the straight posterior part; 2 lateral keels at base of caudal fin (Ref. 57392). Silvery with faint dusky opercular spot; juveniles with oval black spot over straight lateral line (Ref. 3197). Coloration: entirely silvery with bluish reflections that are more pronounced on dorsal half; a blackish spot at upper angle of gill cover; in juveniles, another blackish spot on sides of body, at the inflexion point of the lateral line; fins hyaline (Ref. 57392).
银色的有模糊的暗色鳃盖斑点; 稚鱼有在直的侧联机的椭圆形的黑色斑点。 (参考文献 3197)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults usually found near the bottom (Ref. 4233, 57392). Occasionally enters lagoons and estuaries, especially during juvenile stage (Ref. 57392). Juveniles occur in surface waters often near bays and river mouths (Ref. 4233). Form schools (Ref. 4233, 57392). Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).

通常发现于底部附近; 稚鱼在海湾与河口的附近时常出现在水表面。 形成鱼群。 吃甲壳动物与小鱼。 (参考文献 4233)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 葡萄牙到南非, 包括馬得拉群島與維德角。 在大西洋西部中被 Selene setapinnis 取代了。 這兩個種沒有足夠地被研究而且可能證明是同種的。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
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形态测量图
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稚鱼动力学
入添量
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参考文献
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养殖信息
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Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.3 - 25.9, mean 20.6 °C (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00868 - 0.02519), b=2.88 (2.74 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.69 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 184 [87, 402] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.05 [1.14, 4.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.911 [0.433, 2.012] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.4 [14.2, 84.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.3 [3.4, 37.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.983 [0.608, 1.591] mg/100g (wet weight);