Selene dorsalis, African moonfish : fisheries

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Selene dorsalis (Gill, 1863)

African moonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Selene dorsalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Selene: Greek, selene = moon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Gill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina demersal; intervalo de profundidade 20 - 100 m (Ref. 4233), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 57392). Subtropical; 39°N - 28°S

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including Madeira and Cape Verde. Replaced by Selene setapinnis in western Atlantic. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 57392); common length : 24.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3195); peso máx. publicado: 1.5 kg (Ref. 27584)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 9; Raios dorsais (total): 23-24; Espinhos anais 1-3; Raios anais : 18 - 20. Diagnosis: body short, deep (depth comprised 1.7-2.3 times in fork length) and strongly compressed; head with a typical hump above eyes and a steep frontal profile that is slightly concave in front of eyes; lower jaw prominent; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 8 spines that are very short in adults, 2nd with 1 spine and 23 or 24 soft rays; anal fin with 2 anterior detached spines (resorbed in adults), followed by 1 spine and 18-20 soft rays; anterior lobes of soft dorsal and anal fins small or indistinct; pelvic fins very short, nearly rudimentary; body (except breast) entirely covered with minute cycloid scales embedded in the skin; lateral line distinctly arched over pectoral fins, with some weak scutes on the straight posterior part; 2 lateral keels at base of caudal fin (Ref. 57392). Silvery with faint dusky opercular spot; juveniles with oval black spot over straight lateral line (Ref. 3197). Coloration: entirely silvery with bluish reflections that are more pronounced on dorsal half; a blackish spot at upper angle of gill cover; in juveniles, another blackish spot on sides of body, at the inflexion point of the lateral line; fins hyaline (Ref. 57392).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Adults usually found near the bottom (Ref. 4233, 57392). Occasionally enters lagoons and estuaries, especially during juvenile stage (Ref. 57392). Juveniles occur in surface waters often near bays and river mouths (Ref. 4233). Form schools (Ref. 4233, 57392). Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Colaboradores

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 125652)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espcies comerciais
FAO - pescarias: desembarques; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Fontes da internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Banco de dados para Espécies Aliens/Invasivas | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pescarias: desembarques; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de dados nacionais | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 18.3 - 25.9, mean 20.6 °C (based on 42 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00872 - 0.02508), b=2.89 (2.75 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.69 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (K=0.6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 184 [87, 402] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.05 [1.14, 4.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.911 [0.433, 2.012] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.4 [14.2, 84.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.3 [3.4, 37.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.983 [0.608, 1.591] mg/100g (wet weight);