Astroscopus ygraecum, Southern stargazer

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Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier, 1829)

Southern stargazer
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Astroscopus ygraecum
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei (Sand dwellers) > Uranoscopidae (Stargazers)
Etymology: Astroscopus: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, skopeo = to look, to watch (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 2 - 100 m (Ref. 13628), usually ? - 70 m (Ref. 55314). Subtropical; 35°N - 8°N, 99°W - 60°W (Ref. 55314)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Yucatan, Mexico; northern coast of South America (Ref. 5217). Absent in the West Indies.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5217)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 13-14; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 13

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits silty, sandy, or rubble bottoms (Ref. 9710). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 13628). Possesses electric organs located in a specialized pouch behind the eyes. Can discharge up to 50 volts (Ref. 10576).The electric organ discharge (EOD) rate depends on the temperature: about 500 Hz at 35°C and 50 Hz at 15°C (corresponding to the annual temperature range of the habitat of this species) (Ref. 10011). Cleithral spine with venom gland (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Venomous (Ref. 57406)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.8 - 27.8, mean 25.4 °C (based on 428 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00176 - 0.01132), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 31.3 [17.2, 59.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.791 [0.480, 1.395] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [18.6, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.097, 0.291] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.5 [9.3, 34.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 91.8 [30.4, 258.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.779 [0.517, 1.202] mg/100g (wet weight);