Etheostoma caeruleum, Rainbow darter

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Etheostoma caeruleum Storer 1845

Rainbow darter
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Etheostoma caeruleum
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Percoidei () > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  caeruleum: caeruleum meaning blue (Ref. 10294).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.   溫帶; 4°C - 18°C (Ref. 2059); 46°N - 30°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from southern Ontario in Canada and from western New York to Minnesota, and south to northern Alabama and Arkansas in the USA. Isolated populations in southwestern Mississippi and eastern Louisiana, and in upper Potomac River drainage in West Virginia, USA.
北美洲: 五大湖與密西西比河流域從加拿大安大略省南部與從紐約西部到明尼蘇達州, 而且在美國南至阿拉巴馬州北部與阿肯色州。 在西南方的密西西比與路易斯安那東部的孤立族群, 與在玻多瑪克河流域上游在西維吉尼亞,美國。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.3 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大年龄: 3.00 年 (Ref. 12193)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit fast gravel and rubble riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294); also found in streams (Ref. 10294). Feed on midge larvae, hydropsychid and hydroptilid caddisfly larvae, mayfly nymphs, and fish eggs (Ref. 10294). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 36980). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).

栖息于快速的砾石与小溪及小型到中型河川的碎石急流。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 36980). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).北美洲: 五大湖與密西西比河流域從加拿大安大略省南部與從紐約西部到明尼蘇達州, 而且在美國南至阿拉巴馬州北部與阿肯色州。 在西南方的密西西比與路易斯安那東部的孤立族群, 與在玻多瑪克河流域上游在西維吉尼亞,美國。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 December 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00237 - 0.01272), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.46 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.64-0.82; tmax=3; Fec=508-1462).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .