Xiphophorus maculatus, Southern platyfish : aquarium

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Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866)

Southern platyfish
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Xiphophorus: Greek, xiphos = sword + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; standorttreu.   Tropical; 18°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 23°N - 17°N, 99°W - 86°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North and Central America: Ciudad Veracruz, Mexico to northern Belize. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 4.2 cm
Max length : 4.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 57749); 6.0 cm TL (female); common length : 2.4 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8-10. Distinct line of black pigment midventrally on caudal peduncle absent. Greatest body depth about 2 times in SL. Ventral rays of caudal fin of males not elongated into a sword. Male gonopodium falling short of caudal fin base, without a membranous protuberance, third ray with a strong hook (Ref. 30499).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults occur in warm springs, canals and ditches with typically slow-moving water, silt bottoms and weedy banks (Refs. 5723; 44091, 44894). Also inhabit creeks and swamps (Ref. 44894). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091). Used for genetic research (Ref. 4537). Several color varieties are popular aquarium fishes, where they attain sexual maturity after 3-4 months and reproduce easily (Ref. 1672). Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

After 24 to 30 days gestation, 20 to 80 young are born (Ref 7020).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Rodriguez, C.M., 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Poeciliini (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia 1997(4):663-679. (Ref. 26855)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  Daten mangelhaft (DD) ; Date assessed: 03 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen






Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (tm<1).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .