Xiphophorus maculatus, Southern platyfish : aquarium

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Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866)

Southern platyfish
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klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Xiphophorus: Greek, xiphos = sword + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; nir-ruaya.   Tropical; 18°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 23°N - 17°N, 99°W - 86°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

North and Central America: Ciudad Veracruz, Mexico to northern Belize. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 4.2 cm
Max length : 4.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 57749); 6.0 cm TL (female); common length : 2.4 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 8-10. Distinct line of black pigment midventrally on caudal peduncle absent. Greatest body depth about 2 times in SL. Ventral rays of caudal fin of males not elongated into a sword. Male gonopodium falling short of caudal fin base, without a membranous protuberance, third ray with a strong hook (Ref. 30499).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults occur in warm springs, canals and ditches with typically slow-moving water, silt bottoms and weedy banks (Refs. 5723; 44091, 44894). Also inhabit creeks and swamps (Ref. 44894). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091). Used for genetic research (Ref. 4537). Several color varieties are popular aquarium fishes, where they attain sexual maturity after 3-4 months and reproduce easily (Ref. 1672). Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

After 24 to 30 days gestation, 20 to 80 young are born (Ref 7020).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Rodriguez, C.M., 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Poeciliini (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia 1997(4):663-679. (Ref. 26855)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kekurangan data (DD) ; Date assessed: 03 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (tm<1).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .