Osphronemus exodon, Elephant ear gourami : fisheries

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Osphronemus exodon Roberts, 1994

Elephant ear gourami
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Osphronemus exodon
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Osphroneminae
Etymology: Osphronemus: Greek, osphra = smell + Greek, nema = filament; because of the olfactory organs (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Roberts.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 外洋の; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Asia: known only from the Mekong basin.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 30857)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 14 - 16; 背鰭 (合計): 10-11; 肛門の骨 11-13; 臀鰭: 17 - 19. Differs from the other three known species of Osphronemus in having oral teeth increasingly enlarged and externalized in large adults, a condition apparently unique within anabantoid fishes. In large specimens examined, over 40 cm SL, all of the jaw teeth are enlarged, especially those in the outermost rows, which lie on the external surface of the jaws entirely outside the mouth when it is shut. Coloration of juveniles and adults also is diagnostic. Small juveniles have 6 or 7 vertical bars and a supra-anal dark oval spot, none of which are retained by adults and subadults. Juveniles over about 10 cm have a reddish orangish stripe on the lower part of the head and breast, a feature not observed in any other species. All adults have extensive dark (almost black) areas ventrally and pale areas dorsally. Several large specimens (especially from Stung Treng market, Cambodia) with large and irregular red blotches that superficially at least look very muck like bodied bruises.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs in pools of large rivers and in flooded forests during the rainy season. Feeds mainly on plant matter including fruits, leaves, and flowers, with some insects and crustaceans. Known to reproduce in non-flowing waters near the river shore during lowest water levels (Ref. 12693). Undertakes lateral migrations from the Mekong mainstream into floodplain areas during the flood season and returns to the Mekong River or other permanent water bodies during the dry season (Ref. 37770). These movements are triggered when water levels change (Ref. 37770). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Builds a small nest, made of leaves and roots of a plant named "gohk kai" in Takam, just below the Lee Pee Waterfalls in southern Laos. Eggs and young are guarded by one parent as observed in the Mekong basin at Stung Treng.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  攻撃されやすい (VU) (A2ce); Date assessed: 01 March 2007

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
Age/Size
成長
体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
BRUVS
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
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Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00689 - 0.04188), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.29 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec = 1,240).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.