Thymichthys verrucosus, Warty handfish

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Thymichthys verrucosus (McCulloch & Waite, 1918)

Warty handfish
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drawing shows typical species in Brachionichthyidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) 鮟鱇目 (Anglerfishes) > Brachionichthyidae (Handfishes) 澳洲躄魚科 (Handfishes)
Etymology: Thymichthys: Greek thymos (warty excrescence) and Greek ichthys (fish) in allusion to the warty protuberances on the skin of these handfishes;  verrucosus: Name presumably based on the Latin 'verrucosus' meaning full of warts, referring to the obvious warty nature of its skin (Ref. 82446)  More on authors: McCulloch & Waite.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   溫帶; 0°C -

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from South Australia.
東印度洋: 已知只來自澳洲南部了。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 82446)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: esca is variable in size, length 23-57% (mean 37%) of illicium length (including esca); short to moderately elongate illicium, not thick and fleshy, without dermal spinules, length 15-27% SL, 1.9-3.4 times in head length, its base adjacent upper jaw (pre-illicial length 1.2-3.2% SL); small eye, its diameter 4.8-7.1 times in head length; body is usually densely covered with prominent, close-set, globular or fleshy warts; skin with small, widely spaced, embedded, spiny scales and variably developed dermal flaps; unicuspid or bicuspid spinules, prostrate, their tips embedded or barely visible); second dorsal-fin rays 14-18 (mainly 16-17), fin base length 60-73 (mean 66)% SL; length of second dorsal-fin spine 1.1-1.6 times length of longest ray of second dorsal fin; anal-fin rays 6-9; pectoral-fin rays usually 8; body brownish with lighter and darker blotches and spots; blackish bar on caudal peduncle and caudal-fin base that extends onto hind parts of dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 82446).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A benthic species (Ref. 75154) which occurs in inshore waters (Ref. 7300, 75154) of the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

生活於近海。 (參考文獻 7300)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東印度洋: 已知只來自澳洲南部了。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Last, P. and D.C. Gledhill, 2009. A revision of the Australian handfishes (Lophiiformes: Brachionichthyidae), with descriptions of three new genera and nine new species. Zootaxa 2252:1-77. (Ref. 82446)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

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生態毒物學
繁殖
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孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
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眼睛色素

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .