Albula vulpes, Bonefish : fisheries, gamefish, bait

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Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758)

Bonefish
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Albula vulpes   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Albula vulpes
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Albuliformes (Bonefishes) > Albulidae (Bonefishes) > Albulinae
Etymology: Albula: Latin, albus = white (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; amfidroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 84 m (Ref. 13608), usually 1 - 15 m (Ref. 9268). Subtropical; 26°N - 7°N, 97°W - 58°W (Ref. 118624)

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Worldwide in warm seas. Hawaiian species have been verified by electrophoretic analysis (Ref. 5577), hence, Albula vulpes might be further split. Eastern Pacific: California, USA to Peru (Ref. 2850). Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to Florida, Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico, Antilles and Caribbean to Brazil (Ref. 26938). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). The West African form is Albula goreensis, Valenciennes, 1846.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 37.5, range 21 - 36 cm
Max length : 104 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 10.0 kg (Ref. 37955)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 15-19; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 7 - 9; Wervels: 69 - 74. Branchiostegal rays 12-14 (Ref. 4639). Silvery with dusky fins; base of pectorals yellow (Ref. 3970). Body elongate and fusiform (Ref. 4832). Last ray of dorsal and anal fins not prolonged; head region naked; spot and band absent on head; margin of nasal pore not black (Ref. 13608). Bluntly conical snout extends beyond inferior mouth (Ref. 26938). Pectoral and pelvic axillary scales present; a single long scale on each side of membrane between each ray of dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 4832).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow coastal waters, estuaries and bays, over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 3237). Often in schools, except large individuals which are solitary (Ref. 7251). Dorsal fin may show above surface (Ref. 42064). More or less pelagic but feeds on benthic worms, crustaceans, and mollusks (Ref. 2850); that are picked from mud and sand bottoms (Ref. 27549). Tolerates oxygen poor water by inhaling air into a lung-like airbladder (Ref. 9710). Flesh is bony and not esteemed (Ref. 9268). One of the most important game fishes worldwide (Ref. 26938).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Spawning occurs in open waters. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1990. Albulidae. p. 122-124. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 1. (Ref. 4447)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) ; Date assessed: 29 March 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; aas: usually
FAO - Visserij: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Visserij: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale databanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.4 - 28.4, mean 27 °C (based on 1501 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5007   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00904 - 0.01835), b=3.00 (2.91 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.3; tm=2; tmax=20).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 30.3 [14.1, 59.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.996 [0.545, 1.854] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.427 [0.199, 0.933] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.5 [10.8, 54.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.7 [6.5, 103.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.903 [0.562, 1.470] mg/100g (wet weight);