Leptocharias smithii, Barbeled houndshark : fisheries

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Leptocharias smithii (Müller & Henle, 1839)

Barbeled houndshark
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Leptocharias smithii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Leptocharias smithii (Barbeled houndshark)
Leptocharias smithii
Picture by FAO

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Leptochariidae (Barbeled houndsharks)
Etymology: Leptocharias: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek, leptos = thin + Greek, charax, -akos = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Müller & Henle.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding 10 - 75 m (Ref. 244), usually 10 - 60 m (Ref. 5377).   Tropical; 20°C - 27°C; 22°N - 23°S, 26°W - 17°E

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Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 244); 82.0 cm TL (female); common length : 55.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 26999)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Similar to species of Mustelus but nostrils with anterior flaps formed into distinct barbels (Ref. 5485).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf, especially abundant off river mouths on muddy bottoms. Salinity: 35-36 ppt. Oxygen: 3-4 ppm. Feeds on small bottom and littoral organisms like crustaceans, bony fishes, octopi and sponges. Viviparous (Ref. 50449), with 7 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Dental sexual dimorphism is manifested by males having greatly enlarged anterior teeth. Utilized fresh, smoked or dried salted for human consumption, skin for leather.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449), with 7 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) ; Date assessed: 01 October 2005

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 28, mean 26 (based on 116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Fec=7).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.