Symphodus cinereus, Grey wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Symphodus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Grey wrasse
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Symphodus cinereus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Symphodus cinereus (Grey wrasse)
Symphodus cinereus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; खारा ड़िमरसल.   Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 10°W - 42°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean Sea and from Arcachon basin to Gibraltar.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm 4.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3397); common length : 8.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3397); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 6 वर्षो (Ref. 4742)

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Found in littoral areas, in eel-grass beds, sometimes on soft bottoms (1-20 m), often in lagoons and estuaries with plenty of vegetation and detritus (Ref. 4742). Often in aggregation (Ref. 4742). Feed on shrimps, amphipods, isopods, small gastropods and bivalves (Ref. 4742). Females spawn in a nest built and guarded by the male (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Oviparous (Ref. 205). One or two females spawn in the nest built and guarded by a male (Ref. 4742).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : Westneat, Mark | सहयोगीयो

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: निर्वाह मात्स्यिकी; आखेट मत्स्य: हां; जलजीवालय: व्यापारिक
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
उपशब्द
चपायचय
परभक्षी
ईकोटोकसीकोलौजी
पुनरुत्पत्ति
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
अंडे
Egg development
Age/Size
बाढ़
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
लार्वा
लारवल गतिकी
भर्ती
बहुतायत
BRUVS
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Nutrients
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 21.3, mean 18.8 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00917 - 0.01312), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (K=0.29-0.35; tm=1-2; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 213 [98, 452] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.92 [1.09, 3.96] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [14.6, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.837 [0.381, 1.871] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [10, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.2 [8.4, 103.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [0.99, 3.34] mg/100g (wet weight);