Symphodus cinereus, Grey wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Symphodus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Grey wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus cinereus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Symphodus cinereus (Grey wrasse)
Symphodus cinereus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal.   Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 10°W - 42°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean Sea and from Arcachon basin to Gibraltar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 4.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397); common length : 8.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397); max. veröff. Alter: 6 Jahre (Ref. 4742)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in littoral areas, in eel-grass beds, sometimes on soft bottoms (1-20 m), often in lagoons and estuaries with plenty of vegetation and detritus (Ref. 4742). Often in aggregation (Ref. 4742). Feed on shrimps, amphipods, isopods, small gastropods and bivalves (Ref. 4742). Females spawn in a nest built and guarded by the male (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 205). One or two females spawn in the nest built and guarded by a male (Ref. 4742).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Partner

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kleinfischerei; Sportfisch: ja; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 21.3, mean 18.8 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00917 - 0.01312), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.29-0.35; tm=1-2; tmax=6).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 213 [98, 452] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.92 [1.09, 3.96] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [14.6, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.837 [0.381, 1.871] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [10, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.2 [8.4, 103.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [0.99, 3.34] mg/100g (wet weight);