Symphodus cinereus, Grey wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Symphodus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Grey wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus cinereus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Symphodus cinereus (Grey wrasse)
Symphodus cinereus
Picture by Patzner, R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的.   亞熱帶的; 46°N - 30°N, 10°W - 42°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean Sea and from Arcachon basin to Gibraltar.
東大西洋: 地中海與從 Arcachon 流域到直布羅陀。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 4.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3397); common length : 8.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3397); 最大年齡: 6 年 (Ref. 4742)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in littoral areas, in eel-grass beds, sometimes on soft bottoms (1-20 m), often in lagoons and estuaries with plenty of vegetation and detritus (Ref. 4742). Often in aggregation (Ref. 4742). Feed on shrimps, amphipods, isopods, small gastropods and bivalves (Ref. 4742). Females spawn in a nest built and guarded by the male (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous (Ref. 205). One or two females spawn in the nest built and guarded by a male (Ref. 4742).東大西洋: 地中海與從 Arcachon 流域到直布羅陀。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 自給性漁業; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 商業性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 21.3, mean 18.8 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00917 - 0.01312), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.29-0.35; tm=1-2; tmax=6).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 213 [98, 452] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.92 [1.09, 3.96] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [14.6, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.837 [0.381, 1.871] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [10, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.2 [8.4, 103.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [0.99, 3.34] mg/100g (wet weight);