Symphodus cinereus, Grey wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Symphodus cinereus (Bonnaterre 1788)

Grey wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus cinereus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Symphodus cinereus (Grey wrasse)
Symphodus cinereus
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc () > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau dasar (demersal).   Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 10°W - 42°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean Sea and from Arcachon basin to Gibraltar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 4.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3397); common length : 8.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3397); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 6 Tahun (Ref. 4742)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Found in littoral areas, in eel-grass beds, sometimes on soft bottoms (1-20 m), often in lagoons and estuaries with plenty of vegetation and detritus (Ref. 4742). Often in aggregation (Ref. 4742). Feed on shrimps, amphipods, isopods, small gastropods and bivalves (Ref. 4742). Females spawn in a nest built and guarded by the male (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Oviparous (Ref. 205). One or two females spawn in the nest built and guarded by a male (Ref. 4742).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | mitra

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: perikanan swasembada; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Pangkalan data nasional | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 21.3, mean 18.8 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00917 - 0.01312), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.29-0.35; tm=1-2; tmax=6).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Very high.