Phycis phycis, Forkbeard : fisheries

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Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766)

Forkbeard
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Phycis phycis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Phycis phycis
Picture by Luquet, D.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk; ej vandrande; djupintervall 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371).   Subtropical; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 12382); common length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1371); publicerad maxvikt: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
referenser
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Vattenbruksprofil
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
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Otoliths
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Syn

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 16.2, mean 14.9 (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00539 - 0.00811), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.19).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.