Oreochromis aureus, Blue tilapia : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium, bait

You can sponsor this page

Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864)

Blue tilapia
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Oreochromis aureus (Blue tilapia)
Oreochromis aureus
Picture by CAFS

Classification / Names Tên thường gặp | Các synonym ( Các tên trùng) | Catalog of Fishes(Giống, Các loài) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Oreochromis: Latin, aurum = gold + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  aureus: From the Greek words oreos=of the mountains and chroma=color; aureus (Latin)=golden from aurum, gold (Ref. 79012)  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Sinh thái học

; Nước ngọt; Thuộc về nước lợ Sống nổi và đáy; di cư trong nước ngọt (Ref. 51243); Mức độ sâu 5 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 8°C - 30°C (Ref. 2); 35°N - 10°N

Sự phân bố Các nước | Các khu vực của FAO | Các hệ sinh thái | Những lần xuất hiện | Point map | Những chỉ dẫn | Faunafri

Africa and Eurasia: Jordan Valley, Lower Nile, Chad Basin, Benue, middle and upper Niger, Senegal River (Ref. 21). Introduced in the oasis of Azraq (Jordan) as well as in warm water ponds of USA, South and Central America and South East Asia. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - 20 cm
Max length : 45.7 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 40637); common length : 16.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 12193); Khối lượng cực đại được công bố: 2.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Hình thái học | Sinh trắc học

Các tia vây lưng cứng (tổng cộng): 14 - 17; Các vây lưng mềm (tổng cộng): 11-15; Tia cứng vây hậu môn 3; Tia mềm vây hậu môn: 8 - 11; Động vật có xương sống: 28 - 31. Diagnosis: Adults: narrow preorbital bone (depth max. 21.5% of head length in fishes up to 21.3cm SL); lower pharyngeal jaw with short blade; no enlargement of the jaws in mature fish (lower jaw not exceeding and usually less than 36.8% head length) (Ref. 2). Caudal without regular dark vertical stripes (Ref. 2, 53405, 54467), but with a broad pink to bright red distal margin (Ref. 2). Breeding males assume an intense bright metallic blue on the head, a vermilion edge to the dorsal fin and a more intense pink on the caudal margin (Ref. 2, 54467). Breeding females with the edges of dorsal and caudal fins in a paler more orange color (Ref. 2). Juveniles: upper line of head profile running upward from snout at sharp angle; lower pharyngeal bone nearly triangular, teeth numerous but not densely crowded; dorsal and anal fin striped, with stripes running obliquely on the soft dorsal and longitudinally on the caudal fin; black Tilapia-mark on soft dorsal present; body dark; lower lip developed from beneath (Ref. 54566).

Sinh học     Tự điển (thí dụ epibenthic)

Cold tolerant (Ref. 23, 61, 55352), occuring at temperatures ranging from 8°-30°C (Ref. 2), tolerating up to 41 °C (Ref. 23). Tolerates fairly brackish conditions (Ref. 3, 23, 61, 2001, 6465, 54362). Forms schools; is sometimes territorial; inhabits warm ponds and impoundments as well as lakes and streams (Ref. 5723, 11028), in open water as well as among stones and vegetation (Ref. 11028). Feeds on phytoplankton and small quantities of zooplankton (Ref. 3, 61, 6465, 52307). Young fish have a more varied diet which includes large quantities of copepods and cladocerans (Ref. 2, 61, 6465), but they also take pieces of small invertebrates (Ref. 52307). Ovophilic, agamous (Ref. 52307), maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 364, 52307). Sexual maturity in ponds reached at age of 5-6 months (Ref. 55352). Reproduces in both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 61, 5723). Good taste (Ref. 61).

Life cycle and mating behavior Chín muồi sinh dục | Sự tái sinh sản | Đẻ trứng | Các trứng | Sự sinh sản | Ấu trùng

Nesting usually in shallow water weedy areas (Ref. 96). Males establish territory and dig a spawning pit (Ref. 2, 6465, 54601), using mouth and fins (Ref. 2), up to 60cm deep and 4-6m in diameter; a number of territories can often be found clustered together (Ref. 52307). Territories are defended by means of agressive behaviour (Ref. 6465), including lateral display, lateral biting and mouth-to-mouth combat (Ref. 2). Reproduction is stimulated by long photoperiods and inhibited by short daylengths (Ref. 54365). Reproduction requires a minimum temperature of about 20°C (Ref. 2). Males visit schools of females and attempt to attract a female spawning partner (Ref. 2, 52307). Courting behaviour in the nest consists of lateral display by both sexes with nipping and tail-flapping (Ref. 2). Eggs are deposited in single clutches, from several dozen to 100 eggs (Ref. 52307), and are taken into the females mouth as soon as they are fertilized (Ref. 2, 6465, 52307), with a peak spawning frequency around the 9-11th hour of light (Ref. 31140, 54365). One female may hold up to 2000 eggs in her mouth (Ref. 2). The female swims away to deeper water with the brood after spawning is complete (Ref. 2, 52307), while the male renews spawning activities with another female. Hatching occurs about 3 days after oviposition (Ref. 2). Incubation time varies with temperature, 13-14 days at 25-27°C (Ref. 2, 52307) or 8-10 days at 29°C (Ref. 144), and juveniles leave the mother's mouth when they are about 1.1cm in length (Ref. 54601). The young school near parent's head for a few days, reentering the mouth at any sign of danger or at a gesture of the female; parent-offspring relationship ceases after 5 days (Ref. 2).

Main reference Upload your references | Các tài liệu tham khảo | Người điều phối : Kullander, Sven O. | Người cộng tác

Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. (Ref. 2)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 6465)





Human uses

Các nghề cá: tính thương mại cao; Nuôi trồng thủy sản: Tính thương mại; Bể nuôi cá: Tính thương mại; mồi: usually
FAO - Nuôi trồng thủy sản: Sản xuất; Các nghề cá: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

Thêm thông tin

Age/Size
Sự sinh trưởng
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Sinh trắc học
Hình thái học
Ấu trùng
Sự biến động ấu trùng
Bổ xung
Sự phong phú
BRUVS
Các tài liệu tham khảo
Nuôi trồng thủy sản
Tổng quan nuôi trồng thủy sản
Các giống
Di truyền
Tần số alen
Di sản
Các bệnh
Chế biến
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Người cộng tác
Các tranh (Ảnh)
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Các âm thanh
Ngộ độc dạng ciguetera
Tốc độ
Dạng bơi
Vùng mang
Otoliths
Não bộ
tầm nhìn

Các công cụ

Special reports

Download XML

Các nguồn internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Giống, Các loài | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Nuôi trồng thủy sản: Sản xuất; Các nghề cá: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Các cơ sở dữ liệu quốc gia | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Cây Đời sống | Wikipedia: Go, tìm | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Tạp chí Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01471 - 0.02469), b=2.98 (2.94 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Thích nghi nhanh (Ref. 120179):  Chiêù cao, thời gian nhân đôi của chủng quần tối thiểu là dưới 15 tháng (K=0.48-0.58; tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 28 [12, 103] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.73 [0.62, 4.23] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.7, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.428 [0.192, 1.000] g/100g ; Selenium = 67 [31, 139] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.69 [1.07, 25.03] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.01 [0.85, 6.93] mg/100g (wet weight);