Zeus faber, John dory : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium
This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758

John dory
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Zeus faber   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image
Image of Zeus faber (John dory)
Zeus faber
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Zeidae (Dories)
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino; salmastro benthopelagico; oceanodromo (Ref. 35388); distribuzione batimetrica 5 - 400 m (Ref. 9563), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4968).   Temperate; 75°N - 49°S, 17°W - 177°E (Ref. 54935)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Worldwide in distribution. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, also the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Pacific: Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. Also known from the Indian Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 36.2, range 29 - 35 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 6953); common length : 40.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 6953); peso massimo pubblicato: 8.0 kg (Ref. 35388); Età massima riportata: 12 anni (Ref. 5377)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 9 - 11; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 22-24; Spine anali 4; Raggi anali molli: 20 - 23. Gill rakers rudimentary. Minute scales present. Highly compressed body (Ref. 4253). Large dark spot, surrounded by a light ring on each side of the body (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Found in areas close to the sea bed (Ref. 6390). Generally solitary. Feeds mainly on schooling bony fishes, occasionally on cephalopods and crustaceans (Ref. 27121). Reproduction takes place at the end of winter and at the start of spring in the northeastern Atlantic, earlier in the Mediterranean. Eggs are pelagic, maturity reached at 4 years (Ref. 36731). Sold fresh (Ref. 9563) and frozen (Ref. 9988). Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). The flesh is excellent but is utilized little in West Africa (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

No studies of their reproductive development or early life history have been undertaken in Australia (Ref. 6390). Pelagic eggs (Ref. 35388).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaboratori

Karrer, C. and A. Post, 1990. Zeidae. p. 631-633. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6953)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 20 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
FAO(pesca: production, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

Download XML

Fonti Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.7 - 23.7, mean 13.6 (based on 1223 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7656   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01350 - 0.02137), b=2.91 (2.84 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (K=0.15; tm=3-4; tmax=12).
Prior r = 0.63, 95% CL = 0.41 - 0.94, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.