Styracura pacifica, Pacific chupare

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Styracura pacifica (Beebe & Tee-Van 1941)

Pacific chupare
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Styracura pacifica
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Potamotrygonidae (River stingrays) > Styracurinae
Etymology: Styracura: From Greek ?????? (= (styrax), meaning "spine at the butt end of a spear" (Brown, 1954), and ???? (=oura) meaning tail, a suffix commonly used since Müller & Henle (1837) for whiptailed stingrays; referring to its greatly elongated caudal stings. reference to its greatly elongated caudal stings.  More on authors: Beebe & Tee-Van.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin dmersal.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica and the Galapagos Islands. Validity of this species questioned in Compagno's 1999 checklist (Ref. 35766).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9254)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

On soft bottoms in shallow waters. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Venomous spine on tail.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Carvalho, Marcelo | Collaborateurs

McEachran, J.D., 1995. Dasyatidae. Rayas-látigo. p. 752-755. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para los Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9254)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Venomous (Ref. 9254)





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .