Acanthurus lineatus, Lined surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Lined surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthurus lineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus lineatus (Lined surgeonfish)
Acanthurus lineatus
Picture by Greenfield, J.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 15 m (Ref. 27115), usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 37792).   Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 27115); 36°N - 36°S, 27°E - 137°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Replaced by the closely related Acanthurus sohal in the Red Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 18.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3145); common length : 25.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 30573); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 46 Tahun (Ref. 27143)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 27-30; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 25 - 28. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: body deep and compressed, depth 2.1-3 times in standard length or SL (body of juveniles relatively deeper than that of adults); snout 5.2-5.7 times in SL; mouth small; teeth spatulate, close-set, with denticulate edges; total gill rakers on first gill arch 14-16; continuous unnotched dorsal fin IX,27-30 soft rays; A III,25-28; caudal fin deeply lunate with concavity 3.3-4.5 times in SL; a lancet-like spine on each side of caudal peduncle which folds into a deep horizontal groove, this spine long, 1.9-2.5 times in head length, and venomous; stomach thin-walled. Colour of body with upper 3/4 with alternating black-edged blue and yellow stripes and those on the head mainly diagonal; lower fourth pale lavender to bluish white; dorsal fin finely striped pale blue and yellowish; anal fin grey with a yellow basal band and a light blue margin; caudal fin blackish with a large, grey crescent centroposteriorly, edged at the front in bluish white and at the posterior margin with black; pectoral fins are pale except basally where they are coloured like the body; pelvic fins yellow-orange with a white lateral margin and a blackish submarginal line (Ref. 9808).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Adults usually form schools and commonly found in shallow gutters. Juveniles solitary and secretive on shallow rubble habitats (Ref. 48637). A territorial species (Ref. 167) which is common in surge zones of exposed seaward reefs. The large male controls well-defined feeding territories and harems of females (Ref. 1602, 48637). The species is almost continually in motion. Herbivorous but also feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 5503). Forms spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699:31); courtship takes place at various times of the day, spawning peaks in the morning, but may also occur from midday to afternoon, and is often confined to ebb tides (Ref. 38697). The venomous caudal spine can cause painful wounds.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Form spawning aggregations, but spawn in pairs (Ref. 27825).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | mitra

Randall, J.E., 1986. Acanthuridae. p. 811-823. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3145)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Venomous (Ref. 4821)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Akuarium: Komersial
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informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2958 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01230 - 0.02818), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (tm=4; tmax=42;).
Prior r = 0.39, 95% CL = 0.26 - 0.59, Based on 1 stock assessment.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.