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Sarda sarda  (Bloch, 1793)

Atlantic bonito
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Image of Sarda sarda (Atlantic bonito)
Sarda sarda
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumtre; ocanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 80 - 200 m (Ref. 5377).   Subtropical; 12°C - 27°C (Ref. 168); 62°N - 40°S, 98°W - 42°E (Ref. 54865)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 41 - ? cm
Max length : 91.4 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 168); common length : 50.0 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 168); poids max. publié: 11.0 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 5 années (Ref. 29114)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 20 - 23; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-18; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 14 - 17; Vertèbres: 50 - 55. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21-39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large. Liver with elongate left and right lobe and short middle lobe. Oblique dorsal stripes with a greater angle than in other species of Sarda.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 6769). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen (Ref. 9987). Able to adapt to different temperatures 12° to 27°C and salinities 14 to 39 (Ref. 36731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 23.4, mean 10.7 (based on 346 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00663 - 0.00909), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.13-0.24; tm=1; tmax=5).
Prior r = 1.62, 2 SD range = 0.84 - 3.11, log(r) = 0.48, SD log(r) = 0.33, Based on: 1 M, 13 K, 4 tgen, 4 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.