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Pronotogrammus martinicensis  (Guichenot, 1868)

Roughtongue bass
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Image of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Roughtongue bass)
Pronotogrammus martinicensis
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Pronotogrammus: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, noton = back + Greek, gramma = signal, letter (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 65 - 230 m (Ref. 34841).   Tropical; 32°N - 36°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bermuda through the Greater Antilles to Rio Grande, Brazil (Ref. 47377).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 96848)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 26

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are commonly found on outer continental shelf reefs. They primarily feed on zooplankton while common in the diet of larger predators like snappers and groupers (Ref. 96848).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Are monandric (males are secondary), protogynous hermaphrodites. About 50% of females transform into males at 7.63 cm SL and 1.0 yr of age (Ref. 96848). During the spawning period, oocytes are found to be in different stages of development indicating asynchronous oocyte development and indeterminate fecundity (Ref. 96848).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Anderson, W.D. Jr. and P.C. Heemstra, 1980. Two new species of Western Atlantic Anthias (Pisces: Serranidae), redescription of A. asperilinguis and review of Holanthias martinicensis. Copeia 1980(1):72-87. (Ref. 34841)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.3 - 25.8, mean 21.2 (based on 86 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00251 (0.00116 - 0.00543), b=2.91 (2.72 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.58, 2 SD range = 0.32 - 1.06, log(r) = -0.54, SD log(r) = 0.3, Based on: 1 M, 1 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .