Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae
(Toadfishes) > Porichthyinae
Etymology: Porichthys: Greek, poros = porous + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); myriaster: Porichthys pore fish, referring to the well-developed mucous system, myriaster numerous starss, for the abundant photophores (Ref. 4930). More on author: Hubbs, Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 126 m (Ref. 9277). Subtropical; 35°N - 7°S, 123°W - 83°W
Eastern Pacific: Arguellow, California, USA to Almejas Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Also reported from northern Peru (Ref. 96339).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Inhabits rocky areas and soft bottom, common in bays. Ranges from the intertidal zone to 126 m depth (Ref. 9277). Usually rests on or buries itself in bottom. Can create a humming or grunting sound. More active during night time.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female attaches eggs to underside of rock. Male guards eggs and young.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 22.9, mean 20.6 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00299 - 0.00923), b=3.22 (3.07 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .