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Phenacobius teretulus  Cope, 1867

Kanawha minnow
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Image of Phenacobius teretulus (Kanawha minnow)
Phenacobius teretulus
Male picture by N. Burkhead & R. Jenkins, courtesy of VDGIF

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phenacobius: Greek, phenax, -akos = deceptive + Greek, bios = life (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Cope.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate; 39°N - 35°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: New (upper Kanawha) River drainage in West Virginia, Virginia and North Carolina, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 6.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Phenacobius teretulus can be distinguished by possessing many papillae on very fleshy lips, gray-brown above, small black blotches scattered on upper half of body, dark stripe along back, dusky stripe along silver side, 45-49 scales on lateral line, and 16-19 scales around caudal peduncle (Ref. 86798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in rubble and gravel riffles and runs of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00307 - 0.01559), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .