Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Hybognathus: Greek, ybos, -e, -on = curved + Greek, gnathos = jaw; with bulging jaw (Ref. 45335); placitus: From the word placitus, meaning broad surface (referring to the relatively broad head) (Ref. 10294). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Subtropical; 47°N - 32°N
North America: Missouri, Arkansas, Red, Brazos, and Colorado River drainages from Montana and North Dakota south to New Mexico and Texas, USA; Mississippi River from mouth of Missouri River to Tennessee, USA. Introduced in Pecos River in New Mexico, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Occurs usually in shallow sandy runs and pools of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 86798). Oviparous, probably open substratum spawners like congeners (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
The pelagic-broadcast spawning behavior consisted of males pursuing a single female and nudging her abdominal region. When the female was ready to spawn, a single male wrapped around the female at which time eggs and milt were simultaneously expelled. Reproduction usually consisted of several individual spawning episodes with at least 10-min intervals between events (Ref. 35784).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00395 - 0.01751), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .