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Probarbus labeamajor  Roberts, 1992

Thicklip barb
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Image of Probarbus labeamajor (Thicklip barb)
Probarbus labeamajor
Picture by Warren, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Probarbus: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Roberts.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: endemic to the Mekong.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857); max. published weight: 70.0 kg (Ref. 10431)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 40 - 41. Differs from the two other species of Probarbus in having slightly smaller (and more numerous) scales, scale row between dorsal fin origin and lateral line scale row 6; six instead of only five stripes on body above lateral line; lips greatly enlarged; barbels reduced in length, sometimes absent; and slightly more numerous vertebrae. Posterior margin of lower lip entirely free from side to side.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in large upland rivers. Feeds on benthic organisms and insect larvae (Ref. 58784). Undergoes upstream movement for spawning (Ref. 58784). Little is known about this species due to past confusion with P. jullieni. Apparently migrates together with P. jullieni and has been decimated by the intensive gillnet fishery directed at that species just above the Lee Pee Waterfalls in southern Laos (Ref. 10431). However, further investigation is needed to find out whether it shares the same spawning grounds and times (Ref. 10431).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (A2abcd)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00433 - 0.02010), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.