Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Gadella: Diminutive of latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 200 - 800 m (Ref. 47377). Subtropical; 41°N - 34°S, 98°W - 8°E (Ref. 1371)
Western Atlantic: widespread in tropical waters, including the Caribbean, east coast of America between 40°N and 30°S (Ref. 47377). Eastern Atlantic: apparently more restricted, from Cape Verde to about 11°S. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2683)
soft rays: 54 - 62. Head short; snout blunt, rounded; pectoral fins extending far beyond the anal fin origin; filamentous ray of pelvic fins extending slightly beyond the anal fin origin; color is dark; roof of mouth with dark anchor-shaped pigment pattern (Ref. 1371).
Often rather abundant on the upper slope (Ref. 1371).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.8 - 18.1, mean 12.2 (based on 124 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00184 - 0.00718), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.17 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .