Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 3 - 100 m (Ref. 9283). Subtropical; 34°N - 7°S, 121°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Santa Cruz Island, California, USA to Peru, including the Gulf of California and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); common length : 40.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 40637)
Adults are found on the continental shelf, generally near the coast but also in deeper waters; penetrated estuaries (Ref. 9283). They feed mainly on silver-colored fishes, but also take squids, shrimps and other invertebrates (Ref. 9283). Juveniles are often found in estuarine waters (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh, salted or dried, and smoked; also utilized as fishmeal and source of oil (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.1 - 28.9, mean 25.5 (based on 100 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.01084 - 0.03506), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .