Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Clinidae
Etymology: Xenopoclinus: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, pous = feet + Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 28111). Subtropical
Southeast Atlantic: South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5496)
Inhabits intertidal sandy areas near kelp beds. Buries itself in the substrate by diving head first into the sediment and emerging slightly so that the top of the head and the dorsally-situated eyes protrude from the sediment surface. Alternatively, it may lie on the surface of the sediment and use the pectoral, pelvic and anal fins, together with undulatory movements of the body, to insinuate itself into the sediment in a fashion to that of Trachinus vipera. Again, only the top of the head and the eyes are left exposed. Once buried in the sediment, the fish remains there and is able to 'swim' through the sediment for short distances without re-emerging, although it occasionally emerges to undertake short forays (Ref. 28111)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Clinidae. p. 758-769. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5496)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.3 - 20.9, mean 18.1 (based on 47 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00217 - 0.01214), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .