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Lutjanus dentatus  (Duméril, 1861)

African brown snapper
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Image of Lutjanus dentatus (African brown snapper)
Lutjanus dentatus
Picture by Camrrubi, J.-F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated.   Tropical; 7°N - 20°S, 15°W - 15°E (Ref. 55)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa (Ref. 57393), from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 81653), primarily in the Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653), rarely appearing in Senegal (Ref. 57393). Mesoprion retrospinis Valenciennes, 1830 may be the oldest name for this species as the original description agrees closely to that given by Delais, 1952.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81653); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. published weight: 50.0 kg (Ref. 4320)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: body relatively deep (Ref. 81653). Head conical (Ref. 57393), slightly rounded, its dorsal profile curving gently (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653). Snout somewhat blunt (Ref. 57393, 81653). Preorbital/lachrymal bone broad (Ref. 55, 81653). Lips thick (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653). Vomerine tooth patch chevron-shaped in young individuals and triangular with a short postero-median prolongation in adults (Ref. 57393, 81653). Maxilla extending to about mid-eye level or beyond; preopercular notch and knob weak (Ref. 55, 81653). Pectoral fins of adult not reaching level of anus (Ref. 81653). Scales moderate-sized (Ref. 57393, 81653). Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653). 4-5 scale rows above lateral line and below middle of spinous part of dorsal fin (Ref. 57393, 81653). 9-10 (transverse) scale rows on cheek (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653). Smokey gray on back and upper sides grading to whitish pink on lower sides and belly; sides of juveniles with a series of alternating light and dark bars of about equal widths (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky bottoms and coral reefs (Ref. 55, 57393, 81653). Also common in brackish lagoons and occasionally in rivers (Ref. 55, 81653), especially juveniles (Ref. 57393). Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 55, 81653).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 27.4 (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00901 - 0.02662), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.