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Hippoglossina macrops  Steindachner, 1876

Bigeye flounder
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Image of Hippoglossina macrops (Bigeye flounder)
Hippoglossina macrops
Picture by Reyes, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
Etymology: Hippoglossina: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 600 m (Ref. 82251), usually 251 - 300 m (Ref. 82251).   Subtropical; 24°N - 47°S, 107°W - 74°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: distribution is not precisely known; but may extend from Mazatlán, Mexico to Chile.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9330)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 64-73; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 52 - 58. Pectoral fins rather small, about 2 times in head in ocular side and about 2.5 times in head on blind side. Pelvic fin on ocular side slightly larger than on blind side. Caudal fin round. Body brownish, with obscure darker spots on body and fins (Ref. 27363).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species inhabits soft bottoms (Ref. 9330); from the littoral zone (35 m, shallowest depth reported in Ref. 9330) up to 600 m (Yañez and Barbieri, 1974.in Ref. 82251:833). Common depth range was taken from a study done in northern Chile. Stomach contents include mainly the squat lobsters (Pleuroncodes monodon and Cervimunida johni) and the deep-sea shrimp (Heterocarpus reedi) (Ref. 82251). Exploited on a local level with trawl nets and is utilized fresh or as fishmeal.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Hensley, D.A., 1995. Paralichthyidae. Lenguados. p. 1349-1380. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9330)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Ecology
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 10.9 - 12, mean 11.4 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00362 - 0.01664), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.