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Arius subrostratus  Valenciennes, 1840

Shovelnose sea catfish
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Image of Arius subrostratus (Shovelnose sea catfish)
Arius subrostratus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Arius: Greek, arios, areios = dealing with Mars, warlike, bellicose (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 43081).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Thailand then south to the Philippines and Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.5 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 43081); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3290)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in marine waters, as well as estuaries and tidal rivers, at times burrowed in the soft mud of the mangroves. Feed mainly on invertebrates. Males incubate the eggs in the buccal cavity (Ref. 43081). The sharp dorsal and pectoral fin spines can inflict painful wounds. Also caught with dipnets and set bagnets. Sold mostly fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Males incubate the eggs in the buccal cavity.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | Collaborators

Jayaram, K.C., 1984. Ariidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3290)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 3290)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
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Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
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Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.4 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1689 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00530 - 0.01367), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=25-35).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.