Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 595 - 1450 m (Ref. 2711). Deep-water; 60°N - 56°S, 171°W - 61°E (Ref. 57333)
Eastern Atlantic: off western Scotland, Madeira and the Azores southward to Liberia. Indian Ocean: off South Africa and Mascarene Plateau. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Elsewhere, Northwest Atlantic and western tropical Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Benthic species (Ref. 51024, 75154); juvenile mesopelagic (Ref. 51024). Found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.9 - 9.9, mean 6.7 (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00155 - 0.00778), b=3.19 (2.99 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .