Reproduction of Etheostoma caeruleum
Document source: http://www.fishbase.de/Reproduction/FishReproSummary.php?ID=3405&GenusName=Etheostoma&SpeciesName=caeruleum&fc=306&StockCode=3601
 
Main Ref. Balon, E.K., 1975
Mode dioecism
Fertilization external
Mating type monogamy:
Spawning frequency
Spawning aggregation Ref.  
Batch spawner Ref.  
Reproductive guild nonguarders
brood hiders
Parental Care none
Description of life cycle and mating behavior Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 36980). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).
Search for more references on reproduction Scirus
(e.g. 9948)
( e.g. cephalopods )
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