Torpedo panthera Olfers, 1831
Panther electric ray
Torpedo panthera
photo by Field, R.

Family:  Torpedinidae (Electric rays)
Max. size:  100 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 1 - 350 m
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) and Red Sea. Reports from other parts of the western Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal) probably refer to a different species.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0; Vertebrae: 98-102. Disc-width shorter than its length, width and length about 1,60 to 1,80 times in total length; dorsal fins more or less rounded, its base 1,25 times in its length (Ref. 39215).
Biology:  Found on coral reefs; as well as mud or sandy bottoms, from shallow water to a depth of 100 m (Ref. 30573, Ref. 114953). Mainly feeds on invertebrates and small reef fishes (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Males reaches maturity at 28 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 31 January 2006 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  other
Country info:  Reported from Indian waters and Laccadives (Ref. 45255).

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 04.06.97
Modified by: Abucay, Luisa - 04.09.18

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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