Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Halfmoon triggerfish
Sufflamen chrysopterum
photo by Patzner, R.

Family:  Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Max. size:  30 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), East Africa south to the Chalumna River, South Africa (Ref. 11228) and east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Replaced by closely related Sufflamen albicaudatus in the Red Sea (Ref. 37816).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 23-26. Juveniles dark brown above, white below (Ref. 1602). Adult variable in color; the bar running through the pectoral base can either be yellow or black, and some individuals may be largely yellowish posteriorly (Ref. 1602). Description: Characterized further by longitudinal scale rows 41-47; presence of deep groove in front of eye; nearly straight dorsal and ventral head profiles; body with series of longitudinal ridges bearing small spiny tubercles, ridges extending forward to below middle of second dorsal fin; truncate to slightly rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabit coastal to outer reefs. Habitats from silty lagoons to pristine outer reef walls (Ref. 48637). Occur in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs. Solitary and territorial. Feed on a wide variety of invertebrates. Also taken by drive-in nets (Ref. 9770). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Monogamous (Ref. 52884).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 15.06.92
Modified by: OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen - 18.10.07
Checked by: Matsuura, Keiichi - 02.10.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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