Planiliza macrolepis (Smith, 1846)
Largescale mullet
Planiliza macrolepis
photo by Hasan, M.E.

Family:  Mugilidae (Mullets)
Max. size:  60 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range - 10 m, catadromous
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: east coast of Africa, including Madagascar, Seychelles, Rodriguez; north to Sri Lanka and India (except Bay of Bengal), Andaman and Nicobar Islands, east to Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Japan, Marshall and Tuamoto islands, Melanesia and Polynesia (Ref. 2830). Distribution includes the Red Sea (Ref. 84159) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 66734).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 4-5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Greenish-grey dorsally; flanks and abdomen silvery; fins grey or bluish with dusky margins and may appear yellowish at base (Ref. 9812). Pectoral with golden base, and perhaps a dark spot (Ref. 9812). With rudimentary axillary scale.
Biology:  Occur in shallow coastal waters, and from brackish water to freshwater regions of rivers (Ref. 41299). Form schools (Ref. 40448); in larger aggregations during spawning, which takes place at sea (Ref. 2830). Feed on small algae, diatoms, forams, benthic polychaetes, crustaceans, mollusks, organic matter and detritus; fry feed on copepods and floating algae (Ref. 40448). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Caught mainly during the spawning season and is sold fresh; the roe is highly appreciated.
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 18.12.91
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 09.08.17
Checked by: Bailly, Nicolas - 23.01.13

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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