Percina caprodes (Rafinesque, 1818)
photo by Lyons, J.

Family:  Percidae (Perches), subfamily: Etheostomatinae
Max. size:  18 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 3 years
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Saskatchewan in Canada south to Gulf of Mexico; and Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages in the USA.
Biology:  Most common over gravel and sand in medium-sized rivers but can be found almost anywhere from small, fast-flowing rock-bottomed streams to vegetated lakes (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adults feed on larvae of midges, mayflies, caddisflies (especially hydropsychids), riffle beetles, stoneflies, limpets, and fish eggs (Ref. 10294). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 March 2012 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.06.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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